Critical review of Afghan Presidential Election 2014
By: Rohullah Sharifi
free and fair presidential and parliamentary elections in any country
represents the democratic institutionalization and people reign. The
large masses vote to select their rules and him/her countable for all
his/her polities and policies.
Afghanistan experienced two presidential and two parliamentarian elections
in the past 13 years.
Afghan Presidential Election became one of the worst scenario in recent
elections. This created great chaos for national and international
community and economic loss for the country. After democratization of the
country in the 2001 and political transformation, after more than a decade
and having two presidential and two parliamentary elections the crisis
arouse during the third presidential election. Democracy accompanied with
many positive and negative springs in the country. The inflow of billions
of international aid to Afghanistan resulted in reverse as well.
There are multidimensional complications that affected the election as:
Karzai was interested in sustaining his regime and staying in power for a
couple of more years or someone who is trustworthy to Karzai. Who will
follow the same path and play politics of stick and carrot and softness to
parties moved the election towards ethnic politics and ethnic victory
instead of national solidarity and unity. This similar conflict of
interest led to civil wars of 1992 for supremacy and control of power and
domination of one ethnic group over other ethnics.
Independent Election Commission (IEC) according to constitution is neutral
and impartial, but in all elections acted partial. “To
gain the confidence and trust of all stakeholders…the legal framework must
guarantee maximum independence and neutrality of the IEC and define its
authority, structure, and responsibility with as much clarity as
(ref: author Zakria Barakzai,
conflict of interest between and among elites, warlords, business
community and general public. A) Elites want close circle of few educated
influential figures. B) The warlords feel threaten to their interest and
power sharing and active part in the political arena during past 13
years. The sustenance of conflict and weak rule of law in the country and
benefit sharing of war economy by warlords. This is a serious threat to
their interest and deterrent to peace and a central strong government. C)
The businessmen provided generous funding to presidential candidates and
having more interest in a weak government to continue the trade monopoly
and preferential treatment. D) The general public demand for a strong
government, reduce corruption and better services, security and peace,
employment for large masses of unemployed.
5. The US
inexcusable mistake is the support of warlords, weak figures and bringing
them to political arena. The vague government polity, some illiterate and
incompetent politicians, opportunist bureaucrats, ministries became
private enterprise with nepotism and same ethnic reign.
6. The US,
NATO, regional powers with diverse political and economic interest in the
country supported particular strata e.g. US & NATO support to the private
security companies in the country that mostly escorts the military
convoys, provide security to diplomatic organizations and these companies
run by warlords. This strengthened their economic foundation, sustained
the illegal use of weapon, circulation and militia sustenance.
stockpile of illegal weapons by warlords that threaten the fragile peace
and government. Secondly there is no data available on the quantity to
foreseen future potential risk & danger.
security enforcing agencies are badly affected more than any other time by
ethnic politics and conflict of interest. The impact of warlord,
influential political parties in recruitment of former fighters in the
majority of illiterate people that easily get influence by ethnic politics
of few selfish leaders that encourage confrontation instead of peaceful
coexistence during the elections and special events.
The partiality of bureaucracy, law and security enforcement organs.
The election law flaws and most not strengthen the Constitution guaranteed
“free, universal, secret, and direct” vote. “The election cycle
prescribed by the constitution is simply not sustainable under the best
conditions in Afghanistan.” (ref: author Zakria Barakzai,
The security remained a challenge in each single election and take
sacrifices from the voters. “Security has been a major challenge in
each Afghan election since 2005. In the 2009 presidential and provincial
council elections and in the 2010 Wolesy Jirga elections, the worsening
security situation was the main reason for the disenfranchisement of
millions of would-be voters and the massive fraud that occurred”.
(ref: et tal,
The election resulted in conflicts between two candidates and three major
ethnicities as Tajiks, Pashtuns and Hazara.
The fragile state and peace put at stick and tensions of direct
confrontation arouse. This led to capital flew, economic deficiency, high
inflation and unemployment rate.
The international community and especially the US threat to stop the aid
which badly affected the financial institutes of the country and in
particular the arm forces as salaries are paid by major donor the US.
The formation of unity government that its’ too early to predict the
workability or failure, cooperation or rivalry, continuation of Karzai
regime or promised vicissitudes.
The government of rule of law, justice, meritocracy, freedom and equality
of opportunity to everyone.